What is meant by Non Communicable diseases?
Lifestyle diseases commonly called as Non Communicable diseases (NCD) which are chronic (long-lasting) diseases with slow progression, occurs dues to smoking, Alcoholism, high consumption of sugar, salts, saturated fats, trans fatty acids and lack of physical inactivity.
Currently the 36 million people die every year due to NCDs and is expected to rise by 17–24% by next decade. In 2008, 63% of the deaths worldwide are due to NCDs. If the same trend continues 7 out of 10 deaths will be by NCDs in developing countries, killing 52 million people worldwide annually without differentiating men and women. Tobacco use itself kills 7.5 Million people a year contributing to 10% of all deaths.
World most killer Non Communicable diseases as per WHO:
Cancer – A diseases in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body organs. Cancer is a group of more than 100 diseases. It can develop anywhere in the body.
Diabetes– A group of disease (Metabolic disorder) that result in too much sugar in the blood.
Lung disease– Type of Disease that block the airflow and make difficult to breathe.
Heart diseases – Heart disease is a term covering any disorder of the heart. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include coronary heart disease, rheumatic heart disease and other conditions.
Stroke – Stroke caused by the disturbance of the blood supply to the brain. Generally blood vessels blocked by a clot. Clot cuts the supply of oxygen and nutrients, causing damage to the brain tissue.
Causes of Non Communicable diseases:
“Tobacco, Alcohol, Pollution, Trans Fat, excess amount of salt, sugar & lack of physical activity”
If above major risk factors are removed then 75% of heart diseases, strokes and type 2 diabetes can be prevented. It’s up to us to change our lifestyle, manage a good diet and concentrating on physical activities to overcome the deadly lifestyle diseases.