BACKGROUND TO WORLD HEART DAY
World Heart Day was Started celebrating from 2000 as an initiative of the World Heart Federation (WHF). It is the world’s biggest platform for raising awareness about CVD, including heart disease and stroke.
World Heart Day is a global campaign in which cardiologists, cardiovascular surgeons, primary care physicians, patients, family members, educational institutions, companies and governments all over the world, as well as individual citizens, can take part to organize activities aimed at promoting better cardiovascular health.
In May 2012, world leaders committed to reducing premature global mortality from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) by 25% by 2025. CVD is accountable for nearly half of all NCD deaths making it the world’s number one killer.
World Heart Day informs people around the globe that CVD, including heart disease and stroke, is the world’s leading cause of death claiming 17.7 million lives each year.
This way at least 80% of premature deaths from heart disease and stroke could be avoided
What are Cardiovascular disease(CVD)?
Cardiovascular disease(CVD) are the set of diseases that involve heart or blood vessels. This includes coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failures, valvular heart disease, peripheral artery disease etc.,
CVD RISK FACTORS
There are many risk factors associated with heart disease and stroke. Some risk factors, such as family history, cannot be modified, while other risk factors, like high blood pressure, can be modified with treatment.
You will not necessarily develop CVD if you have a risk factor. But the more risk factors you have the greater the likelihood that you will unless you act to modify your risk factors and work to prevent them compromising your heart health.
Modifiable risk factors include:
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy diet
- Raised blood pressure
- Tobacco use
- Obesity and being overweight
Non-modifiable risk factors include:
- Family history
Other common non-modifiable risk factors include:
- Age: Simply getting old is a risk factor for CVD; risk of stroke doubles every decade after age 55.
- Gender: Your gender is significant: as a man you are at greater risk of heart disease than a pre-menopausal woman. But once past the menopause, a woman’s risk is similar to a man’s. Risk of stroke is similar for men and women.
- Ethnicity: Your ethnic origin plays a role. People with African or Asian ancestry are at higher risks of developing CVD than other racial groups.
- Socioeconomic status: Being poor, no matter where in the globe, increases your risk of heart disease and stroke. A chronically stressful life, social isolation, anxiety and depression also increase the risk.